Freight Packaging Tips and Guidelines

in Shipping Help

Products/items should always be safely contained within a box, carton, crate, or other protective container. Carriers will not pick up loose items, (ie: sofa wrapped in plastic).

Shipments consisting of multiple boxes each weighing over 200 lbs, or heavy machinery or equipment, should be securely placed on a pallet or in a crate so the driver can load into the truck with a pallet jack and transfer the shipment with a forklift.

Determine weather your items are Fragile/breakable, Non Fragile or need to be crated or palletized and follow the recommended packaging below. The following are some examples of fragile, non fragile and crate/pallet items.

Fragile Items

Non Fragile Items

Anything Breakable such as: Anything Non-Breakable such as:
Glass items (including mirrors) Clothing and footwear
Computers (CPU’s, servers, monitors Paper items
Items that contain glass doors or partitions Plastic items
Electronics (most types) Machinery parts
Small furniture Canned products
Household goods Granular products
Personal Effects Tools and hardware
Artwork/fine art & sculptures Carpets / Flooring

Crate/Pallet Items

The following are some examples of items that should be crated and placed on a pallet or boxed and shrink wrapped to a pallet.
Machinery Ovens/stoves
Heavy equipment Dishwashers
Engines Washing machines/dryer
Compressors Refrigerators
Generators Sofa’s – Couches
Lawn mower Tables/Desks/Chairs
ATV/Motorcycle/Co Karts Large Furniture & Televisions


Basic Box-In-Box Packing Method

• Wrap product(s) individually with at least 2 inches’ thickness of bubble wrap or foam material to fit snugly inside a corrugated box.

Basic Box-In-Box Example

• Use a second, outer container that is at least 4 inches longer, wider, and deeper than the inner box.

• Fill the bottom of the outer box with 2 inches of cushioning material.

• Place the inner box in the center of the outer box on top of the cushioning material.

• Fill voids on all sides with more cushioning material.

• Seal the box.

Box-In-Box Packing Method for Delicate of Thin Parts


• Wrap product(s) individually with bubble wrap and snugly fit inside the smaller box.

• Restrict product movement inside the box using  loose-fill peanuts.

• Close and tape box to prevent accidental opening.

• Wrap smaller inner box with at least 4 inches’ thickness of bubble wrap and place inside a sturdy outer container.

• Seal the box.

Bubble Wrap Packing Method for Large, Thick or Flat Surfaces

Bubble Wraped Box

Wrap product(s) individually with at least 4 inches’ thickness of bubble wrap cushioning.

• Place the wrapped item(s) inside a sturdy outer box.

• Fill all voids with additional bubble wrap cushioning so that the wrapped item(s) fit snugly inside the outer box.

• Seal the box.

Box-In-Box Packing Method Using Loose-Fill Peanuts

Box-In-Box with Loose-Fill Peanuts

• Start with an outer box that is at least 4 inches longer, wider, and taller than the original box.

• Fill outer box with 2 inches of loose-fill peanuts.

• Place inner box in the center of the outer box.

• Fill all spaces around the inner box and top with 2 inches of loose-fill peanuts.

• Seal the box.

Three-Strip Taping Method

H Method of Taping

• Use pressure-sensitive plastic tape at least 2 inches wide (3-inch width preferred) for lightweight packages.

• Use water-activated paper tape (minimum 3-inch width, 60-pound grade) or water-activated reinforced tape to seal heavier packages.

• Distribute the tape evenly across flaps and seams, using the H taping method shown.

• Apply at least 3 strips of tape to the top and bottom sides of the carton.

• Tape across all seams and flaps.

Note: Sealing your package is as important as cushioning. If the box flaps open in transit, you’re likely to lose the cushioning.


Labeling Boxes AND Pallets: Every box in your shipment must have a label indicating the shipper’s and consignee’s complete address (just in case your boxes get separated). Additional information such as shipper and consignee phone numbers, bill of lading number, carrier pro # and date shipped can also be added to your labels to assist the carrier. The labels should be clear and easy to read, preferably printed. You can use any adhesive printer address label View our extensive labels available for free to print for your shipment. Place the label on the top surface of every box in your shipment, as shown above. Avoid placing over flap seams unless the label is designed for that use.